New King of Spain

Spain is a democracy that has both a Prime Minister and a King. This week, King Felipe VI became the new King of Spain. The previous King was his father, Juan Carlos, who had been King of the country for over 40 years. Juan Carlos abdicated the throne because he wanted to hand power to a younger generation who could more effectively tackle the new problems facing the country. Many people are excited for King Felipe VI’s rule, and they believe that he will be a king who will bring the nation together, work with other leaders, and lead Spain to great times.


Check your understanding:


1. Who became the new King of Spain? Why are people excited for his rule?


2. Who was the previous King and why did he step down?

Democracy - type of government where the people make choices together


Abdicate - to give up

King Felipe VI with his family

The World Cup Begins

The long-awaited World Cup began this past week in Brazil. The World Cup is a soccer tournament where different countries compete against each other for a championship and earn a trophy for their country. Fans from all over the world journey to Brazil to support their countries, as winning the championship is huge pride for the victorious nation. Every four years, the World Cup is hosted by a different country, decided by FIFA, the organization that oversees international soccer (which is called “football” in most countries). The host of each World Cup is decided about seven years in advance, giving nations ample time to prepare for the tournament by improving infrastructure and building new stadiums. The previous champion was Spain in the 2010 World Cup hosted by South Africa, but this year, however, the reigning champions were eliminated early in the tournament, adding to the excitement of the World Cup.


Check your understanding:


1. What is the World Cup, and where is it happening?


2. Explain how and when World Cup hosts are chosen.

Journey - travel

Ample - more than enough

Infrastructure - roads, bridges, etc.

Reigning - previous

World Cup Trophy

The NBA Championship

The San Antonio Spurs defeated the Miami Heat in the NBA Finals. The NBA is the National Basketball Association, a group of 30 teams that play against each other. San Antonio won the best-of-7 series by winning 4 games while Miami only won 1 game and became NBA Champion. ABC was the news network that had rights to the NBA Finals, so only they could broadcast the games. An average of 15.5 million people watched the 5 games in the Finals. Last year, the Finals were between the same teams and an average of 17.7 million people watched. The Heat defeated the Spurs in 2013 after playing 7 games.


Check your understanding:


1. Which team won the NBA Finals?


2. Which news network had the rights to the NBA Finals?


3. What was the average number of people who watched the Finals in 2014? In 2013?

Best-of-7 - whoever wins more games out of 7, wins the series


Broadcast - televise or show on TV

The Spurs won the NBA Champion.

SpaceX's Plan

Elon Musk, founder of Tesla, is trying to put humans on Mars. His company is called SpaceX and wants to find a way to have humans on Mars with 30 years. He wants to be able to create a colony on the planet where people can stay. His project will be funded by the public through stocks. He believes that people can be on Mars in 10 to 12 years. The SpaceX project is predicted to be completed before NASA’s project to put people on Mars. Musk says that he is willing to work with NASA to help expand space travel.


Check your understanding:


1. What is the SpaceX project?


2. What is NASA trying to do?

Founder - creator


Colony - place for people to live in a new place


Stocks - shares of a company


Willing - okay with doing something


Expand - grow, increase

Elon Musk